Media Reference Guide

Turnitin’s Media Reference Guide is intended to support journalists covering contract cheating and Turnitin’s ongoing commitment to academic integrity.

Glossary of terms:

  • Contract Cheating: the practice of students engaging a third-party individual or service to complete their written assessments.

  • Ghostwriting: writing for some else; sometimes used as a synonym for “contract cheating” but also an acceptable practice in many professional contexts

  • Academic Custom Writing Websites/ Paper Mills / Essay Mills: “business that allows customers to commission an original piece of writing on a particular topic so that they may commit academic fraud” (source: Essay Mill (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved February 27, 2018 from

  • Plagiarism: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own (source: What is Plagiarism? (n.d.). Retrieved February 27, 2018, from

  • Academic Integrity: a commitment, even in the face of adversity, to five fundamental values: honesty, trust, fairness, respect, and responsibility (source: ICAI, The Fundamental Values of Academic Integrity (Oct. 1999). Retrieved February 27, 2018, from

  • Accrediting Organization: is an organization accredited by a recognized accrediting body for its competence to audit and issue certification confirming that an organization meets the requirements of a standard (source: Accredited Registrar (n.d). In Wikipedia. Retrieved February 27, 2018 from

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Reference Sources and Papers

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